Throat & Neck
Throat & Neck
From snoring to swallowing disorders, the physicians at Victoria ENT & Allergy Associates have been serving the needs of Victoria and the surrounding communities for mover 30 years. For more details about specific Throat and Neck conditions that we treat, refer to the links on the left.
Learn More About The Various Types…
- Tonsils & Adenoid Disease
- Snoring & Sleep Apnea
- Head & Neck Tumors
- Swallowing Disorders
- Other Conditions Treated
Your tonsils and adenoids are part of your lymphatic system. Your tonsils are in the back of your throat. Your adenoids are higher up, behind your nose. Both help protect you from infection by trapping germs coming in through your mouth and nose.
Sometimes your tonsils and adenoids become infected. Tonsillitis makes your tonsils sore and swollen and causes a sore throat. Enlarged adenoids can be sore, make it hard to breathe and cause ear problems.
The first treatment for infected tonsils and adenoids is antibiotics. If you have frequent infections or trouble breathing, you may need surgery. Surgery to remove the tonsils is tonsillectomy. Surgery to remove adenoids is adenoidectomy
If you think you may be experiencing issues with your tonsils or adenoids, call our office to make an appointment to see one of our physicians – (361) 573-4331
Snoring is the sound you make when your breathing is blocked while you are asleep. The sound is caused by tissues at the top of your airway that strike each other and vibrate. Snoring is common, especially among older people and people who are overweight.
When severe, snoring can cause frequent awakenings at night and daytime sleepiness. It can disrupt your bed partner’s sleep. Snoring can also be a sign of a serious sleep disorder called sleep apnea. You should see your health care provider if you are often tired during the day, don’t feel that you sleep well, or wake up gasping.
To reduce snoring
- Lose weight if you are overweight. It may help, but thin people can snore, too.
- Cut down or avoid alcohol and other sedatives at bedtime
- Don’t sleep flat on your back
Source: NIH: National Institute on Aging
Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes. They may occur 30 times or more an hour.
The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea. It causes your airway to collapse or become blocked during sleep. Normal breathing starts again with a snort or choking sound. People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.
You are more at risk for sleep apnea if you are overweight, male, or have a family history or small airways. Children with enlarged tonsils may also get it.
Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results.
When your sleep is interrupted throughout the night, you can be drowsy during the day. People with sleep apnea are at higher risk for car crashes, work-related accidents, and other medical problems. If you have it, it is important to get treatment. Lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can treat sleep apnea in many people.
If you suffer from sleep apnea, call our office to make an appointment to see one of our physicians – (361) 573-4331
Source: NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat. Symptoms include
- A lump or sore that does not heal
- A sore throat that does not go away
- Trouble swallowing
- A change or hoarseness in the voice
Using tobacco or alcohol increases your risk. In fact, 85 percent of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use, including smoking and smokeless tobacco. If found early, these cancers are often curable. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination. Treatments can affect eating, speaking or even breathing, so patients may need rehabilitation.
If you believe that you may have a tumor or are experiencing some of the symptoms above, call our office to make and appointment to see one of our physicians – (361) 573-4331
Source: NIH: National Cancer Institute
If you have a swallowing disorder, you may have difficulty or pain when swallowing. Some people cannot swallow at all. Others may have trouble swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. This makes it hard to eat. Often, it can be difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish your body.
Anyone can have a swallowing disorder, but it is more likely in the elderly. It often happens because of other conditions, including
- Nervous system disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and cerebral palsy
- Problems with your esoph.agus, including GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
- Head or spinal cord injury
- Cancer of the head, neck, or esophagus
Medicines can help some people, while others may need surgery. Swallowing treatment with a speech-language pathologist can help. You may find it helpful to change your diet or hold your head or neck in a certain way when you eat. In very serious cases, people may need feeding tubes.
If you are experiencing difficulties swallowing or some of the symptoms above, please call to make an appointment to see on of our physicians – (361) 573-4331
Source: NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
Other Salivary Gland Tumors